Volume 4 Issue 1

Research Article: Age and Ability to Complete an Assessment of Fullness

Leslie A. Frankel* and Kendall A. Pfeffer

Objective: Examine the age at which children can complete a five-point assessment of fullness.
Design: This was a longitudinal study which included a laboratory visit at baseline and a survey follow-up at six months and 12 months after the baseline laboratory visit. The examination of age and ability to complete a five-point assessment of fullness took place during the baseline laboratory protocol. Following a standardized laboratory protocol with parent-child dyads, parents were asked to leave the room, while children completed a self-assessment of fullness with a trained research assistant.
Setting: The study took place in a laboratory setting designed to simulate a home eating environment.
Participants: Fifty-eight parents (96.6% mothers) and their 2.5-6-year-old children, 51.7% White.
Main Outcome Measure(s): The dependent variable was likelihood of competently completing the fullness task and the independent variable was the child's age. Ability to complete the task was measured by children's demonstration of accurate knowledge of where their stomach was and ability to indicate their degree of fullness on a five-point scale.
Analysis: Visual scatterplot inspections, mean comparisons, and binomial logistic regressions were conducted.
Results: Age explained 50% (Nagelkerke R2) of the variance in children's ability to self-determine fullness and 84.5% of cases. Older children, around the age of 4.5 years, were more likely to complete the assessment than children under 3.5 years of age, p < .005. Conclusions and Implications: Researchers, clinicians, teachers and parents may begin to use self-assessments of fullness within the context of child feeding with children around 4.5 years of age.
Keywords: Age and fullness; Self-assessment; Child fullness; Fullness assessment; Fullness

Cite this Article: Frankel LA, Pfeffer KA. Age and Ability to Complete an Assessment of Fullness. Sci J Food Sc Nutr. 2018; 4(1): 001-005.

Published: 23 April 2018

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