Volume 1 Issue 1

Research Article: Predictors of Chronic Undernutrition (Stunting) among under Five Children in Rural East Wollega, Oromiya Region, West Ethiopia: A Community Based Unmatched Case - Control Study

Amsalu T. Wondemagegn*, Melese C. Cheme and Emiru A. Gerbi

Background: Chronic childhood undernutrition (stunting) becomes an underlying cause of morbidity and mortality in children as well as increasing susceptibility to different diseases later in adolescents and adults. Thus the objective of the present study was to identify determinants of chronic undernutrition among children under five years aged in rural west Ethiopia as careful understanding of these factors will help to design appropriate interventions.
Methods: Community based case control study was conducted on 1038 (346 cases and 692 controls) samples of children under five years aged with their respective mothers from March to July, 2016. The data was collected through interview and anthropometric measurement. Odds ratio and 95% CI (confidence interval) was estimated to identify predictors of stunting using multivariate logistic regression.
Results: The overall response rate was 94.5%. Stunting was significantly associated with being male children [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.458 95%CI = 1.52, 3.99], high birth order (AOR = 1.707 95%CI = 1.02, 2.857), narrow birth interval (AOR = 4.69 95%CI = 1.613, 13.66), lack of ownership of farm land (AOR = 1.698 95%CI = 1.035, 2.785), open field waste disposal, diarrhea (AOR = 2.44 95%CI = 1.42, 4.19), short duration of breast feeding ((AOR = 2.15 95%CI = 1.249, 3.707) and use of bottle (AOR = 2.49 95%CI = 1.312, 4.725) and hand (AOR = 2.39 95%CI = 1.226, 4.67) for feeding of complementary foods.
Conclusions: Stunting was significantly associated with male sex, high birth order, narrow birth interval, lack of possession of agricultural land, poor sanitation, diarrhea, inappropriate IYCF (infant and young child feeding) practices like; short duration of breast feeding and mothers utilization of bottle and hand for feeding additional foods. Thus organized efforts aimed at improving sanitary condition and IYCF practices of the rural community is necessarily in order to tackle the problem of undernutrition in children. More over mothers needs to be encouraged to space births through use of family planning services.

Cite this Article: Wondemagegn AT, Cheme MC, Gerbi EA. Predictors of Chronic Undernutrition (Stunting) among under Five Children in Rural East Wollega, Oromiya Region, West Ethiopia: A Community Based Unmatched Case - Control Study. Int J Nutr Disord Ther. 2017;1(1): 006-013.

Published: 22 November 2017

Review Article: Potassium Management in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: Can an Increased Potassium Diet Maintain a Normal Serum Potassium without a Potassium Supplement?

Karen F. Factor*

Hypokalaemia can be due to the absence of a cellular redistribution and low serum K+ levels which can be secondary to inadequate dietary intake or extraneal losses(e.g. gastrointestinal or skin), or Renal losses. However a Serum K+ secondary to low K+ ingestion will usually occur after extended lengths of a low P.O. K+ intake. Also, increased Renal K+ excretion can be due to Mg deficiency. Patients on PD are at increased risk of Hypokalaemia vs. HD patients as PD patients with greater filtration of K+.
Objective: To prove that a diet with an increase of 10-50% K+ can bring serum K+ into normal range.

Cite this Article: Factor KF. Potassium Management in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: Can an Increased Potassium Diet Maintain a Normal Serum Potassium without a Potassium Supplement? Int J Nutr Disord Ther. 2017;1(1): 003-005.

Published: 06 October 2017

Editorial: Nutritional Disorder in Zika Virus Infection

Viroj Wiwanitkit*

The Zika virus infection is the new problem that is the present hot topic in medicine. The Zika virus is an arbovirus that can be transmitted by tropical mosquito and it can cause the new emerging disease called Zika virus disease.

Cite this Article: Wiwanitkit V. Nutritional Disorder in Zika Virus Infection. Int J Nutr Disord Ther. 2017;1(1): 001-002.

Published: 15 September 2017

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